Isomorph theory prediction for the dielectric loss variation along an isochrone

Wence Xiao, Jon Tofteskov, J. C. Dyre, Kristine Niss, Troels Christensen

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This paper derives a prediction for the variation of the amplitude of the dielectric loss from isomorph theory, and presents an experimental test of the prediction performed by measuring the dielectric relaxation behavior of the van der Waals liquid 5-phenyl-4-ether (5PPE). The liquid is studied at isochronal states in the temperature range 266–333 K and pressure range 0.1 − 300 MPa, for relaxation times around 10− 3 s and 10− 4 s. From the isomorph statement that there is structural and dynamic invariance of isomorph states in reduced units for Roskilde simple liquids we derive four equivalent isomorph-invariant terms, one of which is used in analyzing our data. It is the frequency-dependent term χe(f)ργ − 1, with electric susceptibility χe, density ρ, and density-scaling factor γ.

Due to the unique design of our experimental setup, we obtain dielectric loss data where the amplitude is reproducible ± 0.1 %. We moreover find that the empty capacitance of the capacitor cell is stable within ± 0.3 % in our measuring range and can be assumed to be constant. Using this we predict for two isomorph states there is C2″(f) = C1″(f)(ρ1/ρ2)γ−1 to scale the imaginary capacitance, where C1 is the capacitance measurement at ambient pressure and C2 is the predicted capacitance at elevated pressure. We visually compare the predicted and measured plots and there is a good match between the two plots among the 42 pairs of isochronal states from the measurement
TidsskriftJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Sider (fra-til)190-195
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - 2015


  • Dielectric loss measurement
  • Elevated pressure
  • Supercooled liquid
  • Isomorph theory

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