Intersex in Littorina littorea and DNA damage in Mytilus edulis as indicators of harbour polllution

Jette Rank

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Abstract

Intersex in snails (Littorina littorea) and DNA damage in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) were analysed to assess how these bio-indicators reflected the level of chemical contamination at two sites in a highly contaminated harbour in Denmark. The comet assay using mussel gill cells was an indicator of exposure to genotoxic chemicals, and the intersex index (ISI) observed in snails was an indicator of exposure to butyltin (BT) compounds. Biota and sediments were analysed for heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn), butyltin compounds (TBT, DBT and MBT), nine PCB congeners and 19 PAH compounds. The biological effects were found to reflect the levels of the chemicals, and it was concluded that intersex in L. littorea and DNA damage in M. edulis can be used as bio-indicators of harbour pollution
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Vol/bind72
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1271-1277
ISSN0147-6513
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2009

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