Implementation of self-rostering (the PRIO-project)

effects on working hours, recovery, and health

Anne Helene Garde , Karen Albertsen , Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen , Isabella Gomes Carneiro, Sofie Mandrup Hansen , Henrik Lambrecht Lund, Helge Søndergaard Hvid, Åse Marie Hansen

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    Resumé

    Objectives The aim of this study was to (i) investigate the consequences of self-rostering for working hours, recovery, and health, and (ii) elucidate the mechanisms through which recovery and health are affected.

    Methods Twenty eight workplaces were allocated to either an intervention or reference group. Intervention A encompassed the possibility to specify preferences for starting time and length of shift down to 15 minutes intervals. Interventions B and C included the opportunity to choose between a number of predefined duties. Questionnaires (N=840) on recovery and health and objective workplace reports of working hours (N=718) were obtained at baseline and 12 months later. The interaction term between intervention and time was tested in mixed models and multinomial logistic regression models.

    Results The odds ratio (OR) of having short [OR 4.8, 95 % confidence interval (95% CI) 1.9–12.3] and long (OR 4.8, 95% CI 2.9–8.0) shifts increased in intervention A. Somatic symptoms (β= -0.10, 95% CI -0.19– -0.02) and mental distress (β= -0.13, 95% CI -0.23– -0.03) decreased, and sleep (β= 1.7, 95% CI 0.04–0.30) improved in intervention B, and need for recovery was reduced in interventions A (β= -0.17, 95% CI -0.29– -0.04) and B (β= -0.17, 95% CI -0.27– -0.07). There were no effects on recovery and health in intervention C, and overall, there were no detrimental effects on recovery or health. The benefits of the intervention were not related to changes in working hours and did not differ by gender, age, family type, degree of employment, or working hour arrangements.

    Conclusions After implementation of self-rostering, employees changed shift length and timing but did not compromise most recommendations for acceptable shift work schedules. Positive consequences of self-rostering for recovery and health were observed, particularly in intervention B where worktime control increased but less extensively than intervention A. The effect could not be statistically explained by changes in actual working hours.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
    Vol/bind38
    Udgave nummer4
    Sider (fra-til)314-326
    Antal sider12
    ISSN0355-3140
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - jul. 2012

    Citer dette

    Garde , A. H., Albertsen , K., Nabe-Nielsen , K., Carneiro, I. G., Hansen , S. M., Lund, H. L., ... Hansen , Å. M. (2012). Implementation of self-rostering (the PRIO-project): effects on working hours, recovery, and health. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 38(4), 314-326. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3306
    Garde , Anne Helene ; Albertsen , Karen ; Nabe-Nielsen , Kirsten ; Carneiro, Isabella Gomes ; Hansen , Sofie Mandrup ; Lund, Henrik Lambrecht ; Hvid, Helge Søndergaard ; Hansen , Åse Marie . / Implementation of self-rostering (the PRIO-project) : effects on working hours, recovery, and health. I: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 2012 ; Bind 38, Nr. 4. s. 314-326.
    @article{4a308652c4164b6ea3d963e3d42530e0,
    title = "Implementation of self-rostering (the PRIO-project): effects on working hours, recovery, and health",
    abstract = "Objectives The aim of this study was to (i) investigate the consequences of self-rostering for working hours, recovery, and health, and (ii) elucidate the mechanisms through which recovery and health are affected. Methods Twenty eight workplaces were allocated to either an intervention or reference group. Intervention A encompassed the possibility to specify preferences for starting time and length of shift down to 15 minutes intervals. Interventions B and C included the opportunity to choose between a number of predefined duties. Questionnaires (N=840) on recovery and health and objective workplace reports of working hours (N=718) were obtained at baseline and 12 months later. The interaction term between intervention and time was tested in mixed models and multinomial logistic regression models. Results The odds ratio (OR) of having short [OR 4.8, 95 {\%} confidence interval (95{\%} CI) 1.9–12.3] and long (OR 4.8, 95{\%} CI 2.9–8.0) shifts increased in intervention A. Somatic symptoms (β= -0.10, 95{\%} CI -0.19– -0.02) and mental distress (β= -0.13, 95{\%} CI -0.23– -0.03) decreased, and sleep (β= 1.7, 95{\%} CI 0.04–0.30) improved in intervention B, and need for recovery was reduced in interventions A (β= -0.17, 95{\%} CI -0.29– -0.04) and B (β= -0.17, 95{\%} CI -0.27– -0.07). There were no effects on recovery and health in intervention C, and overall, there were no detrimental effects on recovery or health. The benefits of the intervention were not related to changes in working hours and did not differ by gender, age, family type, degree of employment, or working hour arrangements. Conclusions After implementation of self-rostering, employees changed shift length and timing but did not compromise most recommendations for acceptable shift work schedules. Positive consequences of self-rostering for recovery and health were observed, particularly in intervention B where worktime control increased but less extensively than intervention A. The effect could not be statistically explained by changes in actual working hours.",
    author = "Garde, {Anne Helene} and Karen Albertsen and Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen and Carneiro, {Isabella Gomes} and Hansen, {Sofie Mandrup} and Lund, {Henrik Lambrecht} and Hvid, {Helge S{\o}ndergaard} and Hansen, {{\AA}se Marie}",
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    language = "English",
    volume = "38",
    pages = "314--326",
    journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health",
    issn = "0355-3140",
    publisher = "Tyoterveyslaitos",
    number = "4",

    }

    Implementation of self-rostering (the PRIO-project) : effects on working hours, recovery, and health. / Garde , Anne Helene ; Albertsen , Karen ; Nabe-Nielsen , Kirsten ; Carneiro, Isabella Gomes ; Hansen , Sofie Mandrup ; Lund, Henrik Lambrecht; Hvid, Helge Søndergaard; Hansen , Åse Marie .

    I: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, Bind 38, Nr. 4, 07.2012, s. 314-326.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Implementation of self-rostering (the PRIO-project)

    T2 - effects on working hours, recovery, and health

    AU - Garde , Anne Helene

    AU - Albertsen , Karen

    AU - Nabe-Nielsen , Kirsten

    AU - Carneiro, Isabella Gomes

    AU - Hansen , Sofie Mandrup

    AU - Lund, Henrik Lambrecht

    AU - Hvid, Helge Søndergaard

    AU - Hansen , Åse Marie

    PY - 2012/7

    Y1 - 2012/7

    N2 - Objectives The aim of this study was to (i) investigate the consequences of self-rostering for working hours, recovery, and health, and (ii) elucidate the mechanisms through which recovery and health are affected. Methods Twenty eight workplaces were allocated to either an intervention or reference group. Intervention A encompassed the possibility to specify preferences for starting time and length of shift down to 15 minutes intervals. Interventions B and C included the opportunity to choose between a number of predefined duties. Questionnaires (N=840) on recovery and health and objective workplace reports of working hours (N=718) were obtained at baseline and 12 months later. The interaction term between intervention and time was tested in mixed models and multinomial logistic regression models. Results The odds ratio (OR) of having short [OR 4.8, 95 % confidence interval (95% CI) 1.9–12.3] and long (OR 4.8, 95% CI 2.9–8.0) shifts increased in intervention A. Somatic symptoms (β= -0.10, 95% CI -0.19– -0.02) and mental distress (β= -0.13, 95% CI -0.23– -0.03) decreased, and sleep (β= 1.7, 95% CI 0.04–0.30) improved in intervention B, and need for recovery was reduced in interventions A (β= -0.17, 95% CI -0.29– -0.04) and B (β= -0.17, 95% CI -0.27– -0.07). There were no effects on recovery and health in intervention C, and overall, there were no detrimental effects on recovery or health. The benefits of the intervention were not related to changes in working hours and did not differ by gender, age, family type, degree of employment, or working hour arrangements. Conclusions After implementation of self-rostering, employees changed shift length and timing but did not compromise most recommendations for acceptable shift work schedules. Positive consequences of self-rostering for recovery and health were observed, particularly in intervention B where worktime control increased but less extensively than intervention A. The effect could not be statistically explained by changes in actual working hours.

    AB - Objectives The aim of this study was to (i) investigate the consequences of self-rostering for working hours, recovery, and health, and (ii) elucidate the mechanisms through which recovery and health are affected. Methods Twenty eight workplaces were allocated to either an intervention or reference group. Intervention A encompassed the possibility to specify preferences for starting time and length of shift down to 15 minutes intervals. Interventions B and C included the opportunity to choose between a number of predefined duties. Questionnaires (N=840) on recovery and health and objective workplace reports of working hours (N=718) were obtained at baseline and 12 months later. The interaction term between intervention and time was tested in mixed models and multinomial logistic regression models. Results The odds ratio (OR) of having short [OR 4.8, 95 % confidence interval (95% CI) 1.9–12.3] and long (OR 4.8, 95% CI 2.9–8.0) shifts increased in intervention A. Somatic symptoms (β= -0.10, 95% CI -0.19– -0.02) and mental distress (β= -0.13, 95% CI -0.23– -0.03) decreased, and sleep (β= 1.7, 95% CI 0.04–0.30) improved in intervention B, and need for recovery was reduced in interventions A (β= -0.17, 95% CI -0.29– -0.04) and B (β= -0.17, 95% CI -0.27– -0.07). There were no effects on recovery and health in intervention C, and overall, there were no detrimental effects on recovery or health. The benefits of the intervention were not related to changes in working hours and did not differ by gender, age, family type, degree of employment, or working hour arrangements. Conclusions After implementation of self-rostering, employees changed shift length and timing but did not compromise most recommendations for acceptable shift work schedules. Positive consequences of self-rostering for recovery and health were observed, particularly in intervention B where worktime control increased but less extensively than intervention A. The effect could not be statistically explained by changes in actual working hours.

    U2 - 10.5271/sjweh.3306

    DO - 10.5271/sjweh.3306

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 38

    SP - 314

    EP - 326

    JO - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

    JF - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

    SN - 0355-3140

    IS - 4

    ER -