How can faba-bean cropping contribute to a more sustainable future European agriculture? Analysis of transition opportunities and barriers in Denmark

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Abstract

The extensive use of soy-beans for fodder proteins within Denmark and the European Union in general are posing a serious environmental threat due to land-use changes and environmental degradation in South America
countries, where a large part of the soy-bean is being cultivated. An agricultural system consisting of monoculture, primarily wheat being dominant in Denmark, and massive utilization of ‘external’ resources like artificial N, pest and weed chemicals, fossil fuels usage, etc. are constantly fed into the system to sustain it. To increase the domestic production of fodder proteins in Denmark, and to benefit from the many Eco System Services that legumes provide, this paper investigates how this can be achieves. By adapting Gells Sociotechnical Transition (ST) theory on the Danish faba-bean production in a Multi-Level Perspective (MLP) - constituted by the ‘landscape’, ‘regime’ and ‘niche’ - an Analytical Framework is developed that facilitates an investigation of Transition Pathways’ for Danish agriculture adapting to more legumes (faba-bean) for protein
fodder instead of soy-bean import. The analysis reviles in which areas of the coherent (dominating) ‘regime’, that the Danish faba-bean ‘niche’ is challenging the existing ‘socio-technical system’. We identify important Champions at the three levels analyzed and suggest that various activities are taken at all levels addressed to promote the cultivation of faba-beans. Emphasis should for example be given to strengthen local farm networks to share knowledge and farm equipment for intensified faba-bean cultivation, and use as animal fodder (niche).
Besides this, university curriculum must be updated and increase farm advisors and farmer organization’s knowledge of leguminous crops, as to improve their advisory tasks, and hence harvest as many environmental benefits as possible when cultivated legumes (landscape). Besides this, stronger environmental regulation must be applied to facilitate a higher uptake of e.g. faba-beans. This could be a reintroduction of the ‘harmony rule’ between size of the farmland and the number of livestock to facilitate an adequate area of arable farmland to
become more self-sufficient in animal fodder (landscape). Seed and fodder companies could already now be more flexible to a changing ‘regime’, as they most likely would like to sustain their market shares, also in the future (regime).
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings of the 19th European Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production : Circular Europe for Sustainability: Design, Production and Consumption
RedaktørerJordi Segalas, Boris Lazzarini
Antal sider15
Vol/bind1
ForlagInstitute for Sustainability, Science and Technology. Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya-Barcelona (ISST-UPC)
Publikationsdato6 dec. 2019
Sider476-490
ArtikelnummerVol.1
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-84-09-16892-7
StatusUdgivet - 6 dec. 2019
BegivenhedThe 15th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production; Circular Europe for Sustainability: Design, Production and Consumption. - ISST-UPC, Barcelona, Spanien
Varighed: 15 okt. 201918 okt. 2019
Konferencens nummer: 15
https://erscp2019.eu/

Konference

KonferenceThe 15th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production; Circular Europe for Sustainability
Nummer15
LokationISST-UPC
LandSpanien
ByBarcelona
Periode15/10/201918/10/2019
Internetadresse

Emneord

  • Agriculture
  • Europe
  • Denmark
  • Faba-bean legumes
  • Transitions theory
  • Eco System Services
  • sustainability
  • Danish farmers
  • Organic Farming

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