Frog skin function revisited

physiology of cutaneous surface fluid of Rana esculenta

Erik Hviid Larsen, Hans Ramløv

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

    Resumé

    Amphibians are adapted to living on dry land where body fluid turnover is governed by evaporative water loss. We aimed at testing the hypothesis [EH Larsen (2011) Acta Physiologica 202: 435–464] that water is evaporating from the cutaneous surface fluid (CSF) secreted by subepidermal glands. Samples of CSF contained, [Na] = 64.5±5.1 and [K] = 14.9±1.6 mM (mean±s.e.m., n = 16) with osmotic pressures of CSF and hemolymph, 168±4 (n = 22) and 238±1.7 (n = 25) mOsm/Kg. The relatively high [K] of CSF and an inwardly directed driving force for transepithelial water flux confirm that gland secretions characterized by high [K] constitute the source of water evaporating from the body surface. Thus, on land CSF is maintained by a balance between fluid secretion by subepidermal glands, water evaporation into the atmosphere, and reabsorption of water and Na by principal cells and Cl by mitochondria-rich cells of the epidermis. These mechanisms have evolved pari passu with life alternating between aquatic and terrestrial habitats associated with permeabilities of the skin controlled by external ion- and osmotic concentrations (loc. cit.). This allows for fast switching of the cutaneous uptake of chloride between active and passive transport associated with dynamic electrical coupling of active sodium uptake by principal cells and passive chloride uptake by mitochondria-rich cells. Supported by the Carlsberg Foundation.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftF A S E B Journal
    Vol/bind27
    Udgave nummerMeeting Abstract Supplement
    Sider (fra-til)937.9
    ISSN0892-6638
    StatusUdgivet - 2013

    Citer dette

    Hviid Larsen, Erik ; Ramløv, Hans. / Frog skin function revisited : physiology of cutaneous surface fluid of Rana esculenta . I: F A S E B Journal. 2013 ; Bind 27, Nr. Meeting Abstract Supplement . s. 937.9.
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    abstract = "Amphibians are adapted to living on dry land where body fluid turnover is governed by evaporative water loss. We aimed at testing the hypothesis [EH Larsen (2011) Acta Physiologica 202: 435–464] that water is evaporating from the cutaneous surface fluid (CSF) secreted by subepidermal glands. Samples of CSF contained, [Na] = 64.5±5.1 and [K] = 14.9±1.6 mM (mean±s.e.m., n = 16) with osmotic pressures of CSF and hemolymph, 168±4 (n = 22) and 238±1.7 (n = 25) mOsm/Kg. The relatively high [K] of CSF and an inwardly directed driving force for transepithelial water flux confirm that gland secretions characterized by high [K] constitute the source of water evaporating from the body surface. Thus, on land CSF is maintained by a balance between fluid secretion by subepidermal glands, water evaporation into the atmosphere, and reabsorption of water and Na by principal cells and Cl by mitochondria-rich cells of the epidermis. These mechanisms have evolved pari passu with life alternating between aquatic and terrestrial habitats associated with permeabilities of the skin controlled by external ion- and osmotic concentrations (loc. cit.). This allows for fast switching of the cutaneous uptake of chloride between active and passive transport associated with dynamic electrical coupling of active sodium uptake by principal cells and passive chloride uptake by mitochondria-rich cells. Supported by the Carlsberg Foundation.",
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    Hviid Larsen, E & Ramløv, H 2013, 'Frog skin function revisited: physiology of cutaneous surface fluid of Rana esculenta ', F A S E B Journal, bind 27, nr. Meeting Abstract Supplement , s. 937.9.

    Frog skin function revisited : physiology of cutaneous surface fluid of Rana esculenta . / Hviid Larsen, Erik; Ramløv, Hans.

    I: F A S E B Journal, Bind 27, Nr. Meeting Abstract Supplement , 2013, s. 937.9.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

    TY - ABST

    T1 - Frog skin function revisited

    T2 - physiology of cutaneous surface fluid of Rana esculenta

    AU - Hviid Larsen, Erik

    AU - Ramløv, Hans

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Amphibians are adapted to living on dry land where body fluid turnover is governed by evaporative water loss. We aimed at testing the hypothesis [EH Larsen (2011) Acta Physiologica 202: 435–464] that water is evaporating from the cutaneous surface fluid (CSF) secreted by subepidermal glands. Samples of CSF contained, [Na] = 64.5±5.1 and [K] = 14.9±1.6 mM (mean±s.e.m., n = 16) with osmotic pressures of CSF and hemolymph, 168±4 (n = 22) and 238±1.7 (n = 25) mOsm/Kg. The relatively high [K] of CSF and an inwardly directed driving force for transepithelial water flux confirm that gland secretions characterized by high [K] constitute the source of water evaporating from the body surface. Thus, on land CSF is maintained by a balance between fluid secretion by subepidermal glands, water evaporation into the atmosphere, and reabsorption of water and Na by principal cells and Cl by mitochondria-rich cells of the epidermis. These mechanisms have evolved pari passu with life alternating between aquatic and terrestrial habitats associated with permeabilities of the skin controlled by external ion- and osmotic concentrations (loc. cit.). This allows for fast switching of the cutaneous uptake of chloride between active and passive transport associated with dynamic electrical coupling of active sodium uptake by principal cells and passive chloride uptake by mitochondria-rich cells. Supported by the Carlsberg Foundation.

    AB - Amphibians are adapted to living on dry land where body fluid turnover is governed by evaporative water loss. We aimed at testing the hypothesis [EH Larsen (2011) Acta Physiologica 202: 435–464] that water is evaporating from the cutaneous surface fluid (CSF) secreted by subepidermal glands. Samples of CSF contained, [Na] = 64.5±5.1 and [K] = 14.9±1.6 mM (mean±s.e.m., n = 16) with osmotic pressures of CSF and hemolymph, 168±4 (n = 22) and 238±1.7 (n = 25) mOsm/Kg. The relatively high [K] of CSF and an inwardly directed driving force for transepithelial water flux confirm that gland secretions characterized by high [K] constitute the source of water evaporating from the body surface. Thus, on land CSF is maintained by a balance between fluid secretion by subepidermal glands, water evaporation into the atmosphere, and reabsorption of water and Na by principal cells and Cl by mitochondria-rich cells of the epidermis. These mechanisms have evolved pari passu with life alternating between aquatic and terrestrial habitats associated with permeabilities of the skin controlled by external ion- and osmotic concentrations (loc. cit.). This allows for fast switching of the cutaneous uptake of chloride between active and passive transport associated with dynamic electrical coupling of active sodium uptake by principal cells and passive chloride uptake by mitochondria-rich cells. Supported by the Carlsberg Foundation.

    M3 - Conference abstract in journal

    VL - 27

    SP - 937.9

    JO - F A S E B Journal

    JF - F A S E B Journal

    SN - 0892-6638

    IS - Meeting Abstract Supplement

    ER -