Free energy diagram for the heterogeneous enzymatic hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds in cellulose

Peter Westh, Nicolaj Cruys-Bagger, Trine Holst Sørensen, Kim Borch

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    Kinetic and thermodynamic data has been analyzed according to transition state theory and a simplified reaction scheme for the enzymatic hydrolysis of insoluble cellulose. For the cellobiohydrolase Cel7A from Hypocrea jecorina (Tricoderma reesei) we were able to measure or collect relevant values for all stable and activated complexes defined by the reaction scheme, and hence propose a free energy diagram for the full heterogeneous process. For other Cel7A enzymes, including variants with and without carbohydrate binding module (CBM), we obtained activation parameters for the association and dissociation of the enzyme-substrate complex. The results showed that the kinetics of enzyme-substrate association (i.e. formation of the Michaelis complex) was almost entirely entropy controlled, and that the activation entropy corresponded approximately to the loss of translational and rotational degrees of freedom of the dissolved enzyme. This implied that the transition state occurred early in the path, where the enzyme has lost these degrees of freedom, but not yet established extensive contact interactions in the binding tunnel. For dissociation, a similar analysis suggested that the transition state was late in the path where most enzyme-substrate contacts were broken. Activation enthalpies revealed that the rate of dissociation was far more temperature sensitive than the rates of both association and the inner catalytic cycle. Comparisons of one- and two-domain variants showed that the CBM had no influence on the transition state for association, but increased the free energy barrier for dissociation. Hence, the CBM appeared to promote the stability of the complex by delaying dissociation rather than accelerating association.
    TidsskriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Udgave nummer36
    Sider (fra-til)22203-22211
    StatusUdgivet - 2015

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