Fatty acid transformation in zooplankton: from seston to benthos

Peter Tiselius, Benni Winding Hansen, Danilo Calliari

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

All organic matter, fatty acids (FA) in particular, is transformed in the pelagic plankton food web before reaching fishes or benthic organisms. Mesozooplankton (0.2 to 2 mm) is the main conduit for FA transfer, and FA profiles in sedimenting matter should therefore be significantly affected by its activity. To test this hypothesis, we sampled seston, zooplankton and sediment trap material for FA analysis during 5 campaigns spanning 4 seasons at a coastal site on the west coast of Sweden. Saturated (SAFAs) and monounsaturated (MUFAs) FAs dominated seston and trap material, while copepods contained 75 to 90% polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs). Sedimentation of bulk particulate organic carbon did not vary significantly with season (coefficient of variation, CV = 33%), while pigment (CV = 49%) and in particular faecal pellet fluxes (CV = 100%) were highly variable as a result of copepod feeding activity. Copepod feeding, pellet production and egg production were all high after the spring bloom and in summer and autumn. Overall, 5 to 25% of the sedimenting FAs were affected by copepod feeding activities, and the supply of PUFAs to the benthos was significantly enhanced by copepod grazing activity. SAFAs and MUFAs were enriched by 5 to 10% in sediment traps, while the proportion of the most important PUFA, docosahexaenoic acid, was reduced by up to 15% in summer and autumn. In conclusion, the periods of significant input of PUFAs to the sediment coincide with the period of highest transformation by the mesozooplankton, which in the present study was summer and autumn.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMarine Ecology - Progress Series
Vol/bind446
Sider (fra-til)131-144
ISSN0171-8630
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

Citer dette

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title = "Fatty acid transformation in zooplankton: from seston to benthos",
abstract = "All organic matter, fatty acids (FA) in particular, is transformed in the pelagic plankton food web before reaching fishes or benthic organisms. Mesozooplankton (0.2 to 2 mm) is the main conduit for FA transfer, and FA profiles in sedimenting matter should therefore be significantly affected by its activity. To test this hypothesis, we sampled seston, zooplankton and sediment trap material for FA analysis during 5 campaigns spanning 4 seasons at a coastal site on the west coast of Sweden. Saturated (SAFAs) and monounsaturated (MUFAs) FAs dominated seston and trap material, while copepods contained 75 to 90{\%} polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs). Sedimentation of bulk particulate organic carbon did not vary significantly with season (coefficient of variation, CV = 33{\%}), while pigment (CV = 49{\%}) and in particular faecal pellet fluxes (CV = 100{\%}) were highly variable as a result of copepod feeding activity. Copepod feeding, pellet production and egg production were all high after the spring bloom and in summer and autumn. Overall, 5 to 25{\%} of the sedimenting FAs were affected by copepod feeding activities, and the supply of PUFAs to the benthos was significantly enhanced by copepod grazing activity. SAFAs and MUFAs were enriched by 5 to 10{\%} in sediment traps, while the proportion of the most important PUFA, docosahexaenoic acid, was reduced by up to 15{\%} in summer and autumn. In conclusion, the periods of significant input of PUFAs to the sediment coincide with the period of highest transformation by the mesozooplankton, which in the present study was summer and autumn.",
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year = "2012",
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pages = "131--144",
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Fatty acid transformation in zooplankton: from seston to benthos. / Tiselius, Peter; Hansen, Benni Winding; Calliari, Danilo.

I: Marine Ecology - Progress Series, Bind 446, 2012, s. 131-144.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fatty acid transformation in zooplankton: from seston to benthos

AU - Tiselius, Peter

AU - Hansen, Benni Winding

AU - Calliari, Danilo

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - All organic matter, fatty acids (FA) in particular, is transformed in the pelagic plankton food web before reaching fishes or benthic organisms. Mesozooplankton (0.2 to 2 mm) is the main conduit for FA transfer, and FA profiles in sedimenting matter should therefore be significantly affected by its activity. To test this hypothesis, we sampled seston, zooplankton and sediment trap material for FA analysis during 5 campaigns spanning 4 seasons at a coastal site on the west coast of Sweden. Saturated (SAFAs) and monounsaturated (MUFAs) FAs dominated seston and trap material, while copepods contained 75 to 90% polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs). Sedimentation of bulk particulate organic carbon did not vary significantly with season (coefficient of variation, CV = 33%), while pigment (CV = 49%) and in particular faecal pellet fluxes (CV = 100%) were highly variable as a result of copepod feeding activity. Copepod feeding, pellet production and egg production were all high after the spring bloom and in summer and autumn. Overall, 5 to 25% of the sedimenting FAs were affected by copepod feeding activities, and the supply of PUFAs to the benthos was significantly enhanced by copepod grazing activity. SAFAs and MUFAs were enriched by 5 to 10% in sediment traps, while the proportion of the most important PUFA, docosahexaenoic acid, was reduced by up to 15% in summer and autumn. In conclusion, the periods of significant input of PUFAs to the sediment coincide with the period of highest transformation by the mesozooplankton, which in the present study was summer and autumn.

AB - All organic matter, fatty acids (FA) in particular, is transformed in the pelagic plankton food web before reaching fishes or benthic organisms. Mesozooplankton (0.2 to 2 mm) is the main conduit for FA transfer, and FA profiles in sedimenting matter should therefore be significantly affected by its activity. To test this hypothesis, we sampled seston, zooplankton and sediment trap material for FA analysis during 5 campaigns spanning 4 seasons at a coastal site on the west coast of Sweden. Saturated (SAFAs) and monounsaturated (MUFAs) FAs dominated seston and trap material, while copepods contained 75 to 90% polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs). Sedimentation of bulk particulate organic carbon did not vary significantly with season (coefficient of variation, CV = 33%), while pigment (CV = 49%) and in particular faecal pellet fluxes (CV = 100%) were highly variable as a result of copepod feeding activity. Copepod feeding, pellet production and egg production were all high after the spring bloom and in summer and autumn. Overall, 5 to 25% of the sedimenting FAs were affected by copepod feeding activities, and the supply of PUFAs to the benthos was significantly enhanced by copepod grazing activity. SAFAs and MUFAs were enriched by 5 to 10% in sediment traps, while the proportion of the most important PUFA, docosahexaenoic acid, was reduced by up to 15% in summer and autumn. In conclusion, the periods of significant input of PUFAs to the sediment coincide with the period of highest transformation by the mesozooplankton, which in the present study was summer and autumn.

KW - Copepeods

KW - Polyunsaturated fatty acid

KW - PUFA

KW - Sediment traps

KW - Grazing

KW - Docosahexaenoic acid

KW - DHA

KW - Lipid

KW - Egg production

U2 - 10.3354/meps09479

DO - 10.3354/meps09479

M3 - Journal article

VL - 446

SP - 131

EP - 144

JO - Marine Ecology - Progress Series

JF - Marine Ecology - Progress Series

SN - 0171-8630

ER -