Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli are associated with intestinal inflammation in patients with ulcerative colitis

Hengameh Chloé Lauridsen, Sofie Ingdam Halkjaer, Esben Munk Mortensen, Magnus C Lydolph, Inge Nordgaard-Lassen, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt, Andreas Munk Petersen

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E. coli of the phylogenetic group B2 harbouring Extra intestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) genes are frequently seen as colonizers of the intestine in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study, we describe the influence of E. coli Nissle (EcN) B2 as add-on treatment to conventional therapies in patients with active UC. For this study one hundred active UC patients were randomized to ciprofloxacin or placebo for 1 week followed by EcN or placebo for 7 weeks. Stool samples were collected at weeks 0, 1, 8, 12, where E. coli were characterized and fecal calprotectin was measured. We showed that in the active UC patient group receiving Placebo/EcN, fewer patients reached remission, in comparison to the patient group receiving Placebo/placebo (p < 0.05). Active UC patients initially colonized with E. coli B2 had increased fecal calprotectin values and Colitis Activity Index scores in comparison to patients colonized with E. coli A and D (p < 0.05*). In conclusion, treatment of UC patients with E. coli Nissle (B2) does not promote clinical remission and active UC patients colonized with E. coli B2 have an increased intestinal inflammation.
TidsskriftScientific Reports
Sider (fra-til)31152
StatusUdgivet - 2016
Udgivet eksterntJa

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