Explaining Citizen Attitudes to Strategies of 'Democratic Defence' in Europe: A resource in responses to contemporary challenges to liberal democracy?

Sjifra de Leeuw*, Angela Bourne

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


It has long been speculated that banning parties from participation in elections may be counterproductive because it might provoke societal resistance. Using the European Social Survey (2002–2010; N = 195,405), our study suggests otherwise. We demonstrate that party bans enjoy the legitimacy of majority support. This holds true irrespective of countries’ resilience to extremist influences (or lack thereof) resulting from “institutional intolerance,” electoral entry barriers and authoritarian legacies. Individual orientations toward the democratic establishment do matter to a small extent: citizens with authoritarian tendencies and low system support are less supportive, while this is less so for citizens with extremist ideological orientations. Even though party bans entail significant democratic dilemmas, this study reveals societal resources supportive of repressive responses to extremist parties.
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Public Opinion Research
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)694–710
Antal sider17
StatusUdgivet - 2020

Citer dette