Experiences of older vulnerable people with ischemic heart disease and their peer mentors: A qualitative process evaluation

Maria Kjøller Pedersen*, Birgitte Bøcher Bennich, Rikke Agnete Petersen, Takyiwa Boateng, Ingrid Egerod, Dorthe Overgaard

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Aim: To understand the content and context of a realized peer mentor intervention, and to explore how mentors and mentees experienced the intervention.
Design: The study was designed as a qualitative process evaluation of a 24-week peer mentor intervention.
Methods: Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted from November 2021 to May 2022 in a purposeful sample of older vulnerable people with ischemic heart disease, referred to as mentees (n = 13), and their peer mentors (n = 12). Thematic analysis was used to analyse, categorize and interpret interview data.
Results: Five themes captured the content and context of the peer mentor intervention as experienced by mentors and mentees. ‘Takes one to know one’, stressing the importance of the mentor–mentee matching process; ‘Varying demand for mentors’, illustrating the difficulties in predicting who has the greatest need for mentoring; ‘Varying degree of familiarity’, describing the mentor–mentee relationship as a continuum from formal mentor to informal friend; ‘Putting the patient first’, illustrating how mentors support mentees based on their personal experiences of successful recovery while letting the mentee set the pace and goals; and ‘Varying view of success’, showing how intervention success is perceived differently by mentors and mentees. Conclusions: The study provides new knowledge on how and under what contextual circumstances a mentor intervention works. These findings are important for the implementation of future peer mentor interventions to achieve successful peer mentor support. Implications and Impact: Non-attendance and drop-out from the cardiac rehabilitation program are prevalent problems among older vulnerable people with cardiovascular disease. This study describes a low-cost peer mentor intervention that can support this group of patients. Reporting Method: Standards for reporting qualitative research (SRQR) guided our study. Patient or Public Contribution: A board of cardiovascular patients have contributed to the development and implementation of the intervention being evaluated.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Advanced Nursing
Vol/bind80
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)993-1003
Antal sider11
ISSN0309-2402
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2024
Udgivet eksterntJa

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information: This research received a research grant from the VELUX FONDEN (project number 00027323). Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Authors. Journal of Advanced Nursing published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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