Evolutionary Games and Social Conventions

Bidragets oversatte titel: Evolutionære spil og sociale konventioner

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskning

Resumé

Some thirty years ago Lewis published his Convention: A Philosophical Study (Lewis, 2002). This laid the foundation for a game-theoretic approach to social conventions, but became more famously known for its seminal analysis of common knowledge; the concept receiving its canonical analysis in Aumann (1976) and which, together with the assumptions of perfect rationality, came to be defining of classical game theory.

However, classical game theory is currently undergoing severe crisis as a tool for exploring social phenomena; a crisis emerging from the problem of equilibrium selection around which any theory of convention must revolve. In response, the so-called evolutionary turn has developed. While retaining the broad framework, in which games are described in terms of strategies and payoffs, this marks a transition from the classical assumptions of perfect rationality and common knowledge to assumptions characterising agents as conditioned for playing certain strategies upon the population of which evolutionary processes operate. By providing accounts of equilibrium selection and stability properties of behaviours, the resulting frameworks have been brought to work as well-defined metaphors of individual learning and social imitation processes, from which a revised theory of convention may be erected (see Sugden 2004, Binmore 1993 and Young 1998). This paper makes a general argument in support of the evolutionary turn in the theory of convention by a progressive exposition of its successful application to a variety of simple, but paradigmatic games. In doing this, it further examines and qualifies on what may be said within this framework about the relations between social conventions on the one hand, and phenomena such as Pareto-efficiency, risk, discrimination, self-interest and cooperation on the other. For most of the arguments, the formalisation will be kept at a minimum as well as restricted to two-player interactions.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelGame Theory and Linguistic Meaning 18
RedaktørerAhti-Veikko Pietarinen
Antal sider28
Vol/bind18
ForlagElsevier
Publikationsdato2007
Sider61-88
ISBN (Trykt)978-0080447155
StatusUdgivet - 2007
NavnCurrent Research in the Semantics - Pragmatics Interface
Nummer18
ISSN1566-5895

Emneord

  • sociale konventioner
  • spilteori
  • evolutionær spilteori
  • sociale normer
  • David Lewis
  • Robert Sugden
  • social interaktion
  • koordinationsspil
  • fangernes dilemma
  • Battle of the sexes

Citer dette

Hansen, P. G. (2007). Evolutionary Games and Social Conventions. I A-V. Pietarinen (red.), Game Theory and Linguistic Meaning 18 (Bind 18, s. 61-88). Elsevier. Current Research in the Semantics - Pragmatics Interface, Nr. 18
Hansen, Pelle Guldborg. / Evolutionary Games and Social Conventions. Game Theory and Linguistic Meaning 18. red. / Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen. Bind 18 Elsevier, 2007. s. 61-88 (Current Research in the Semantics - Pragmatics Interface; Nr. 18).
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abstract = "Some thirty years ago Lewis published his Convention: A Philosophical Study (Lewis, 2002). This laid the foundation for a game-theoretic approach to social conventions, but became more famously known for its seminal analysis of common knowledge; the concept receiving its canonical analysis in Aumann (1976) and which, together with the assumptions of perfect rationality, came to be defining of classical game theory.However, classical game theory is currently undergoing severe crisis as a tool for exploring social phenomena; a crisis emerging from the problem of equilibrium selection around which any theory of convention must revolve. In response, the so-called evolutionary turn has developed. While retaining the broad framework, in which games are described in terms of strategies and payoffs, this marks a transition from the classical assumptions of perfect rationality and common knowledge to assumptions characterising agents as conditioned for playing certain strategies upon the population of which evolutionary processes operate. By providing accounts of equilibrium selection and stability properties of behaviours, the resulting frameworks have been brought to work as well-defined metaphors of individual learning and social imitation processes, from which a revised theory of convention may be erected (see Sugden 2004, Binmore 1993 and Young 1998). This paper makes a general argument in support of the evolutionary turn in the theory of convention by a progressive exposition of its successful application to a variety of simple, but paradigmatic games. In doing this, it further examines and qualifies on what may be said within this framework about the relations between social conventions on the one hand, and phenomena such as Pareto-efficiency, risk, discrimination, self-interest and cooperation on the other. For most of the arguments, the formalisation will be kept at a minimum as well as restricted to two-player interactions.",
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author = "Hansen, {Pelle Guldborg}",
note = "Binmore, Ken 1993. Game Theory and the Social Contract: Playing Fair, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Sugden Robert 1986/2004. The Economics of Rights, Cooperation and Welfare, UK: Palgrave Macmillian. Young, H. Peyton 1998. Individual Strategy and Social Structure: An Evolutionary Theory of Institutions, Princeton: Princeton University Press.",
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Hansen, PG 2007, Evolutionary Games and Social Conventions. i A-V Pietarinen (red.), Game Theory and Linguistic Meaning 18. bind 18, Elsevier, Current Research in the Semantics - Pragmatics Interface, nr. 18, s. 61-88.

Evolutionary Games and Social Conventions. / Hansen, Pelle Guldborg.

Game Theory and Linguistic Meaning 18. red. / Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen. Bind 18 Elsevier, 2007. s. 61-88 (Current Research in the Semantics - Pragmatics Interface; Nr. 18).

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskning

TY - CHAP

T1 - Evolutionary Games and Social Conventions

AU - Hansen, Pelle Guldborg

N1 - Binmore, Ken 1993. Game Theory and the Social Contract: Playing Fair, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Sugden Robert 1986/2004. The Economics of Rights, Cooperation and Welfare, UK: Palgrave Macmillian. Young, H. Peyton 1998. Individual Strategy and Social Structure: An Evolutionary Theory of Institutions, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Some thirty years ago Lewis published his Convention: A Philosophical Study (Lewis, 2002). This laid the foundation for a game-theoretic approach to social conventions, but became more famously known for its seminal analysis of common knowledge; the concept receiving its canonical analysis in Aumann (1976) and which, together with the assumptions of perfect rationality, came to be defining of classical game theory.However, classical game theory is currently undergoing severe crisis as a tool for exploring social phenomena; a crisis emerging from the problem of equilibrium selection around which any theory of convention must revolve. In response, the so-called evolutionary turn has developed. While retaining the broad framework, in which games are described in terms of strategies and payoffs, this marks a transition from the classical assumptions of perfect rationality and common knowledge to assumptions characterising agents as conditioned for playing certain strategies upon the population of which evolutionary processes operate. By providing accounts of equilibrium selection and stability properties of behaviours, the resulting frameworks have been brought to work as well-defined metaphors of individual learning and social imitation processes, from which a revised theory of convention may be erected (see Sugden 2004, Binmore 1993 and Young 1998). This paper makes a general argument in support of the evolutionary turn in the theory of convention by a progressive exposition of its successful application to a variety of simple, but paradigmatic games. In doing this, it further examines and qualifies on what may be said within this framework about the relations between social conventions on the one hand, and phenomena such as Pareto-efficiency, risk, discrimination, self-interest and cooperation on the other. For most of the arguments, the formalisation will be kept at a minimum as well as restricted to two-player interactions.

AB - Some thirty years ago Lewis published his Convention: A Philosophical Study (Lewis, 2002). This laid the foundation for a game-theoretic approach to social conventions, but became more famously known for its seminal analysis of common knowledge; the concept receiving its canonical analysis in Aumann (1976) and which, together with the assumptions of perfect rationality, came to be defining of classical game theory.However, classical game theory is currently undergoing severe crisis as a tool for exploring social phenomena; a crisis emerging from the problem of equilibrium selection around which any theory of convention must revolve. In response, the so-called evolutionary turn has developed. While retaining the broad framework, in which games are described in terms of strategies and payoffs, this marks a transition from the classical assumptions of perfect rationality and common knowledge to assumptions characterising agents as conditioned for playing certain strategies upon the population of which evolutionary processes operate. By providing accounts of equilibrium selection and stability properties of behaviours, the resulting frameworks have been brought to work as well-defined metaphors of individual learning and social imitation processes, from which a revised theory of convention may be erected (see Sugden 2004, Binmore 1993 and Young 1998). This paper makes a general argument in support of the evolutionary turn in the theory of convention by a progressive exposition of its successful application to a variety of simple, but paradigmatic games. In doing this, it further examines and qualifies on what may be said within this framework about the relations between social conventions on the one hand, and phenomena such as Pareto-efficiency, risk, discrimination, self-interest and cooperation on the other. For most of the arguments, the formalisation will be kept at a minimum as well as restricted to two-player interactions.

KW - sociale konventioner

KW - spilteori

KW - evolutionær spilteori

KW - sociale normer

KW - David Lewis

KW - Robert Sugden

KW - social interaktion

KW - koordinationsspil

KW - fangernes dilemma

KW - Battle of the sexes

KW - social sonventions

KW - game theory

KW - evolutionary game theory

KW - social norms

KW - David Lewis

KW - Robert Sugden

KW - social interaction

KW - coordination games

KW - Prisoners dilemma

KW - Battle of the sexes

M3 - Book chapter

SN - 978-0080447155

VL - 18

SP - 61

EP - 88

BT - Game Theory and Linguistic Meaning 18

A2 - Pietarinen, Ahti-Veikko

PB - Elsevier

ER -

Hansen PG. Evolutionary Games and Social Conventions. I Pietarinen A-V, red., Game Theory and Linguistic Meaning 18. Bind 18. Elsevier. 2007. s. 61-88. (Current Research in the Semantics - Pragmatics Interface; Nr. 18).