Et spørgsmål om ære? Intertekstuelle læsninger af fortællinger om æresrelateret vold

Louise Lund Liebmann

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning


This Ph.D.-thesis constitutes a study of the categorization of honour based violence by exploring the related narratives co-created by various individuals and authorities in the Danish society in relation to the themes culture, gender and violence.
In contrast to conventional explanations of honour based violence, which are based exclusively upon the culture of the women's families, this study suggests an inclusion of temporal and spatial underpinnings in accounts on violence. The emphasis that follows from making an alternative contextualization possible entails an inclusion, structuration as well as analysis in relation to two narrative 'levels' in the empirical material. This way, the thesis consists of what could be termed empirical fusion analyses in which diverse forms of exhaustive text analyses are combined with a focus on societal structures and discourses all integrated into each other.
Texts in a more conventional sense are categorized under the collective designation public accounts in part I. These texts consist of the two autobiographies Æresdrab from 2003 by Sengül Güvercile and Når blod bliver tyndere end vand from 2005 written by Sandra Berkan, 90 articles from Danish daily papers published from 2007-2010, and two research-based publications: Ære og drab: Fadime – en sag til eftertanke, 2003 and Om ære from 2008. Those accounts in which I myself have been an interlocutor, and thus contributed to the creation, are categorized under the collective designation accounts generated by confident narrative meetings in part II. This analytical part consists of texts brought into existence as a result of participant observation conducted during my fieldwork at two aid efforts against honour based violence, R.E.D. and the Connect project, as well as 13 interviews with battered ethnic minority women staying at R.E.D. and one with a mentee affiliated with the Connect project.
Part I shows how a formula story on honour based violence has appeared in the wake of the murder of Fadime Sahindal in Sweden in 2002 and in relation to the publication of Unni Wikan's popular book Ære og Drab from 2003. The formula story provides a preconditioned narrative framework as the (notions of) majority Danishness is presented as an implicit ideal for the ethnic minority women to transform themselves into. At the same time, the ideal image establishes norms regarding how the ethnic minority women are to be relieved whereby a popular embedded solution model to the problematized phenomenon, honour based violence, is produced. Part II demonstrates how the public and institutional formula story is more unanimous than the battered ethnic minority women's accounts to me exemplify. Although the women re-apply (parts of) the above mentioned formula story in their self-presentations, this thesis points to a considerable narrative dissonance within the accounts as the women also include broad social issues. At the same time, the analytical chapters have pointed to the way in which narrative visibility limits the women when they are being subjected to discourse, scrutiny and control.
By providing a narrative analysis of accounts on honour based violence as well as establishing a basis for alternative contextualization, the thesis has contributed to rethink conventional and standardized explanatory frameworks for exactly this categorization of violence. Moreover, the thesis has delivered a culture-analytical exposition of the Danish majority society as well as of the inherent narrative processes. Lastly, as the first Danish study of its kind, the thesis has provided an in-depth and critical exploration of the establishment of narratives on honour based violence in Denmark.
Antal sider307
StatusUdgivet - 2014
Udgivet eksterntJa

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