Electrodialytic soil remediation enhanced by low frequency pulse current

Overall chronopotentiometric measurement

John Mortensen, Tian Ran Sun, Lisbeth M. Ottosen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

The effect of low frequency pulse current on decreasing the polarization and energy consumption during the process of electrodialytic soil remediation was investigated in the present work. The results indicated that the transportation of cations through the cation exchange membrane was the rate controlling step both in constant and pulse current experiments, thus responsible for the major energy consumption. After 180 h, a decrease in both the initial ohmic resistance in each pulse cycle and the resistance caused by concentration polarization of the anion exchange membrane were seen in the pulse current experiment compared to the constant current experiment. At the cation exchange membrane, only the resistance caused by concentration polarization decreased. In the soil compartment, an average of +60 mV overpotential caused by the polarization of the electric double layer of the clay particles was obtained from the Nernstian behavior simulation of the relaxation process, which was significantly lower than the ohmic voltage drop induced by pore fluid resistance. Therefore, the ohmic polarization was the major contributor to the energy consumption in the soil compartment and diminished by pulse current.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftChemosphere
Vol/bind90
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1520-1525
ISSN0045-6535
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2013

Citer dette

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title = "Electrodialytic soil remediation enhanced by low frequency pulse current: Overall chronopotentiometric measurement",
abstract = "The effect of low frequency pulse current on decreasing the polarization and energy consumption during the process of electrodialytic soil remediation was investigated in the present work. The results indicated that the transportation of cations through the cation exchange membrane was the rate controlling step both in constant and pulse current experiments, thus responsible for the major energy consumption. After 180 h, a decrease in both the initial ohmic resistance in each pulse cycle and the resistance caused by concentration polarization of the anion exchange membrane were seen in the pulse current experiment compared to the constant current experiment. At the cation exchange membrane, only the resistance caused by concentration polarization decreased. In the soil compartment, an average of +60 mV overpotential caused by the polarization of the electric double layer of the clay particles was obtained from the Nernstian behavior simulation of the relaxation process, which was significantly lower than the ohmic voltage drop induced by pore fluid resistance. Therefore, the ohmic polarization was the major contributor to the energy consumption in the soil compartment and diminished by pulse current.",
author = "John Mortensen and Sun, {Tian Ran} and Ottosen, {Lisbeth M.}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.08.038",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "1520--1525",
journal = "Chemosphere",
issn = "0045-6535",
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Electrodialytic soil remediation enhanced by low frequency pulse current : Overall chronopotentiometric measurement. / Mortensen, John; Sun, Tian Ran; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.

I: Chemosphere, Bind 90, Nr. 4, 2013, s. 1520-1525.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electrodialytic soil remediation enhanced by low frequency pulse current

T2 - Overall chronopotentiometric measurement

AU - Mortensen, John

AU - Sun, Tian Ran

AU - Ottosen, Lisbeth M.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The effect of low frequency pulse current on decreasing the polarization and energy consumption during the process of electrodialytic soil remediation was investigated in the present work. The results indicated that the transportation of cations through the cation exchange membrane was the rate controlling step both in constant and pulse current experiments, thus responsible for the major energy consumption. After 180 h, a decrease in both the initial ohmic resistance in each pulse cycle and the resistance caused by concentration polarization of the anion exchange membrane were seen in the pulse current experiment compared to the constant current experiment. At the cation exchange membrane, only the resistance caused by concentration polarization decreased. In the soil compartment, an average of +60 mV overpotential caused by the polarization of the electric double layer of the clay particles was obtained from the Nernstian behavior simulation of the relaxation process, which was significantly lower than the ohmic voltage drop induced by pore fluid resistance. Therefore, the ohmic polarization was the major contributor to the energy consumption in the soil compartment and diminished by pulse current.

AB - The effect of low frequency pulse current on decreasing the polarization and energy consumption during the process of electrodialytic soil remediation was investigated in the present work. The results indicated that the transportation of cations through the cation exchange membrane was the rate controlling step both in constant and pulse current experiments, thus responsible for the major energy consumption. After 180 h, a decrease in both the initial ohmic resistance in each pulse cycle and the resistance caused by concentration polarization of the anion exchange membrane were seen in the pulse current experiment compared to the constant current experiment. At the cation exchange membrane, only the resistance caused by concentration polarization decreased. In the soil compartment, an average of +60 mV overpotential caused by the polarization of the electric double layer of the clay particles was obtained from the Nernstian behavior simulation of the relaxation process, which was significantly lower than the ohmic voltage drop induced by pore fluid resistance. Therefore, the ohmic polarization was the major contributor to the energy consumption in the soil compartment and diminished by pulse current.

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.08.038

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.08.038

M3 - Journal article

VL - 90

SP - 1520

EP - 1525

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

IS - 4

ER -