Effects of gasification biochar on plant-available water capacity and plant growth in two contrasting soil types

Bidragets oversatte titel: Effekt af tilført forgasningsbiokoks på plantetilgængeligt vandkapacitet og plante vækst i to forskellige jordtyper

Veronika Hansen, Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, Carsten Tilbæk Petersen, Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen, Dorette Sophie Müller-Stöver

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Gasification biochar (GB) contains recalcitrant carbon that can contribute to soil carbon sequestration and soil quality improvement. However, the impact of GB on plant-available water capacity (AWC) and plant growth in diverse soil types still needs to be explored.
A pot experiment with spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was conducted to investigate the effect of soil amendment by 1 % straw and wood gasification biochar (SGB and WGB), respectively, on AWC and plant growth responses under two levels of water supply in a temperate sandy loam and a coarse sandy subsoil. In the sandy loam, the reduced water regime significantly affected plant growth and water consumption, whereas the effect was less pronounced in the coarse sand. Irrespective of the soil type, both GBs increased AWC by 17-42%, with the highest absolute effect in the coarse sand. The addition of SGB to coarse sand led to a substantial increase in plant biomass under both water regimes: shoot growth by 40-165% and root growth by 50-57% . However, no positive effects were achieved by the addition of WGB. In the sandy loam, soil application of GB had no or negative effects on plant growth.
Our results suggest that SGB has considerable potential for enhancing crop productivity in coarse sandy soils by increasing soil water retention and improving root development.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSoil & Tillage Research
Vol/bind161
Sider (fra-til)1-9
Antal sider9
ISSN0167-1987
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

Emneord

  • Gasification biochar
  • available water capacity
  • coarse sand
  • barley
  • shoot and root growth
  • soil structure

Citer dette

Hansen, Veronika ; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik ; Petersen, Carsten Tilbæk ; Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard ; Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie. / Effects of gasification biochar on plant-available water capacity and plant growth in two contrasting soil types. I: Soil & Tillage Research. 2016 ; Bind 161. s. 1-9.
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title = "Effects of gasification biochar on plant-available water capacity and plant growth in two contrasting soil types",
abstract = "Gasification biochar (GB) contains recalcitrant carbon that can contribute to soil carbon sequestration and soil quality improvement. However, the impact of GB on plant-available water capacity (AWC) and plant growth in diverse soil types still needs to be explored. A pot experiment with spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was conducted to investigate the effect of soil amendment by 1 {\%} straw and wood gasification biochar (SGB and WGB), respectively, on AWC and plant growth responses under two levels of water supply in a temperate sandy loam and a coarse sandy subsoil. In the sandy loam, the reduced water regime significantly affected plant growth and water consumption, whereas the effect was less pronounced in the coarse sand. Irrespective of the soil type, both GBs increased AWC by 17-42{\%}, with the highest absolute effect in the coarse sand. The addition of SGB to coarse sand led to a substantial increase in plant biomass under both water regimes: shoot growth by 40-165{\%} and root growth by 50-57{\%} . However, no positive effects were achieved by the addition of WGB. In the sandy loam, soil application of GB had no or negative effects on plant growth. Our results suggest that SGB has considerable potential for enhancing crop productivity in coarse sandy soils by increasing soil water retention and improving root development.",
keywords = "Gasification biochar, available water capacity, coarse sand, barley, shoot and root growth, soil structure, Gasification biochar, Available water capacity, Coarse sand, Barley, Shoot and root growth, Soil structure",
author = "Veronika Hansen and Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen and Petersen, {Carsten Tilb{\ae}k} and Mikkelsen, {Teis N{\o}rgaard} and M{\"u}ller-St{\"o}ver, {Dorette Sophie}",
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language = "English",
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journal = "Soil & Tillage Research",
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Effects of gasification biochar on plant-available water capacity and plant growth in two contrasting soil types. / Hansen, Veronika; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik; Petersen, Carsten Tilbæk; Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard; Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie.

I: Soil & Tillage Research, Bind 161, 2016, s. 1-9.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of gasification biochar on plant-available water capacity and plant growth in two contrasting soil types

AU - Hansen, Veronika

AU - Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik

AU - Petersen, Carsten Tilbæk

AU - Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard

AU - Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Gasification biochar (GB) contains recalcitrant carbon that can contribute to soil carbon sequestration and soil quality improvement. However, the impact of GB on plant-available water capacity (AWC) and plant growth in diverse soil types still needs to be explored. A pot experiment with spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was conducted to investigate the effect of soil amendment by 1 % straw and wood gasification biochar (SGB and WGB), respectively, on AWC and plant growth responses under two levels of water supply in a temperate sandy loam and a coarse sandy subsoil. In the sandy loam, the reduced water regime significantly affected plant growth and water consumption, whereas the effect was less pronounced in the coarse sand. Irrespective of the soil type, both GBs increased AWC by 17-42%, with the highest absolute effect in the coarse sand. The addition of SGB to coarse sand led to a substantial increase in plant biomass under both water regimes: shoot growth by 40-165% and root growth by 50-57% . However, no positive effects were achieved by the addition of WGB. In the sandy loam, soil application of GB had no or negative effects on plant growth. Our results suggest that SGB has considerable potential for enhancing crop productivity in coarse sandy soils by increasing soil water retention and improving root development.

AB - Gasification biochar (GB) contains recalcitrant carbon that can contribute to soil carbon sequestration and soil quality improvement. However, the impact of GB on plant-available water capacity (AWC) and plant growth in diverse soil types still needs to be explored. A pot experiment with spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was conducted to investigate the effect of soil amendment by 1 % straw and wood gasification biochar (SGB and WGB), respectively, on AWC and plant growth responses under two levels of water supply in a temperate sandy loam and a coarse sandy subsoil. In the sandy loam, the reduced water regime significantly affected plant growth and water consumption, whereas the effect was less pronounced in the coarse sand. Irrespective of the soil type, both GBs increased AWC by 17-42%, with the highest absolute effect in the coarse sand. The addition of SGB to coarse sand led to a substantial increase in plant biomass under both water regimes: shoot growth by 40-165% and root growth by 50-57% . However, no positive effects were achieved by the addition of WGB. In the sandy loam, soil application of GB had no or negative effects on plant growth. Our results suggest that SGB has considerable potential for enhancing crop productivity in coarse sandy soils by increasing soil water retention and improving root development.

KW - Gasification biochar

KW - available water capacity

KW - coarse sand

KW - barley

KW - shoot and root growth

KW - soil structure

KW - Gasification biochar

KW - Available water capacity

KW - Coarse sand

KW - Barley

KW - Shoot and root growth

KW - Soil structure

U2 - 10.1016/j.still.2016.03.002

DO - 10.1016/j.still.2016.03.002

M3 - Journal article

VL - 161

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Soil & Tillage Research

JF - Soil & Tillage Research

SN - 0167-1987

ER -