Dynamics of the transition between open and closed conformations in a calmodulin C-terminal domain mutant

J. Evenäs, A. Malmendal, M. Akke*

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Background: Calmodulin is a ubiquitous Ca2+-activated regulator of cellular processes in eukaryotes. The structures of the Ca2+-free (apo) and Ca2+-loaded states of calmodulin have revealed that Ca2+binding is associated with a transition in each of the two domains from a closed to an open conformation that is central to target recognition. However, little is known about the dynamics of this conformational switch.

Results: The dynamics of the transition between closed and open conformations in the Ca2+-loaded state of the E140Q mutant of the calmodulin C-terminal domain were characterized under equilibrium conditions. The exchange time constants ($ex) measured for 42 residues range from 13 to 46 $s, with a mean of 21 \ 3 $s. The results suggest that $exvaries significantly between different groups of residues and that residues with similar values exhibit spatial proximity in the structures of apo and/or Ca2+-saturated wild-type calmodulin. Using data for one of these groups, we obtained an open population of po= 0.50 \ 0.17 and a closed \ open rate constant of ko= (2.7 \ 1.0) \ 104s-1.

Conclusions: The conformational exchange dynamics appear to involve locally collective processes that depend on the structural topology. Comparisons with previous results indicate that similar processes occur in the wild-type protein. The measured rates match the estimated Ca2+off rate, suggesting that Ca2+release may be gated by the conformational dynamics. Structural interpretation of estimated chemical shifts suggests a mechanism for ion release.
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)185-195
StatusUdgivet - 2001
Udgivet eksterntJa


  • Conformational exchange
  • Dynamics
  • NMR
  • Off-resonance rotating-frame N spin relaxation 15

Citer dette