The stony way to renewable energy: Biophysics versus metaphysics in planning for CO2-neutral combustion of biomass

Bidragets oversatte titel: Den besværlige vej til vedvarende energi: biofysik versus metafysik i planlægningen af CO2-neutral forbrænding af biomasse

Rolf Czeskleba-Dupont

Publikation: KonferencebidragKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskning

Abstract

Main thesis: Politically administered 'definitions' of CO2-neutrality of biomass combustion1 are counterproductive, when reproduction of the respective plant matter is either not adressed or out of control of the planning subject.
Implications:
(a) When reproduction is not adressed in biophysical terms, metaphysical contemplation of the results of plant growth may be used instead. But this is misleading: Because of a lack of reference to any time dimension, the officially used definiton saying that the combustion of biomass is CO2-neutral, as far as plant matter by combustion only releases carbon in the same amount as has been bound in it from atmospheric CO22, can be applied to fossil fuels, too. The aim of defining CO2-neutral burning of biomass is, however, to make a demarcation against fossil fuels.3 Hence, the metaphysical definition of CO2-neutrality is counterproductive in regard of the development of knowledge on the transition from fossil fuels to renewable and sustainable energy and thus on how to curb climate impacts from energy supply.
(b) When following the myth of wholesale carbon neutrality, planning subjects may be set out of control (or hindered in establishing it) over the reproduction of specific plant matter and its biodiversity impacts - especially regarding the material and energy chain from forests to harvested wood with its long lead times of reproduction. The historical (re-)expansion of forests in early industrialising countries known as the forest transition hypothesis was conditioned by the expansion of fossil fuel use (RCD 2009a). When wood use is grossly expanded in order to (re-)substitute wood for fossil energy, this can, therefore, become a threat against forests. And: it threatens climate policies, because the lower energy-efficiency of biomass(RCD2009b) creates a net carbon debt. It is, thus, a question of time-profiles to show, when rising CO2-sinks in forests reach a break-even point(Manomet Center 2009, Johanneum Research 2009). Also, it has to be taken into account that the probability of forests becoming carbon sources instead of sinks rises with expected levels of global temperature increase (Fischlin 2007, IUFRO 2009).
Bidragets oversatte titelDen besværlige vej til vedvarende energi: biofysik versus metafysik i planlægningen af CO2-neutral forbrænding af biomasse
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato27 maj 2011
Antal sider1
StatusUdgivet - 27 maj 2011
BegivenhedNordic Geographers' Meeting : Geographical Knowledge, Nature and Practice - Roskilde Universitet, Roskilde, Danmark
Varighed: 24 maj 201127 maj 2011
http://ruconf.ruc.dk/index.php/ngm/ngm2011

Konference

KonferenceNordic Geographers' Meeting
LokationRoskilde Universitet
LandDanmark
ByRoskilde
Periode24/05/201127/05/2011
Internetadresse

Bibliografisk note

Bidraget er udkommet i konferenceprogrammet "Geographical knowledge, nature and practice" for Nordic Geographers Meeting 24.-27.May 2011 - Roskilde University, Denmark, udg. af NGM2011 Organizing Committee, s.175f

Emneord

  • CO2-neutralitet biomasseafbrænding
  • reproduktion
  • tidsprofiler
  • klima
  • biodiversitet
  • kulstofgæld

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