Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures

Torben Lund, Hoang Thai Nguyen, Nguyen Tuyet Phuong

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportKonferenceabstrakt i proceedingsForskning

Resumé

Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures.

 

Torben Lunda, Phuong Tuyet Nguyena and Hoang Thai Nguyenb

aDepartment of Science, Systems and Models, Roskilde University, DK-4000, Denmark

bDepartment of Chemistry, University of Sciences, HoChiMinh City, Vietnam

     The popular dye sensitized solar cell dyes N719 and Z-907 are in general accepted to be very stable under solar cell conditions below 45 ºC.1 The dyes, however, may undergo thiocyanate ligand substitution reactions with the DSC solvent and additive molecules at elevated temperatures (80-100 ºC).

      Recently we have established the mechanism and kinetics of these thiocyanate exchange reactions in both homogeneous solutions and colloidal mixtures with the dyes attached to TiO2 particles.2,3 The half life’s at 85 ºC of  the N719 and Z-907 bound to TiO2 particles in colloidal solutions of 3-methoxypropionitrile and 4-tert-butylpyridine (0.5M) were 120h and 150h respectively. These results indicate that the N719 and Z-907 dyes will not be able to survive a 1000h solar cell thermal stress test 4 at 85 ºC. Strategies to reduce the dye degradation at elevated temperatures will be presented.

References 

1) A. Hinsch, J. M. Kroon, I. Uhlendorf, J. Holzbock, A. Meyer, J. Feber, Prog. Photovolt. Res.

Appl. 2001, 9, 425.

2) H.T. Nguyen, H. M. Ta, and T.  Lund,  Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 2007, 91, 1934.

3) P. T. Nguyen, R.  Degn, H. T. Nguyen, and T. Lund, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 2009 in press.

4) 1215, I., Crystalline Silicon Terrestrial Photo Voltaic (PV) Moduls Design. Qualification and

   Type Approval. International Electrotechnical commission 1993.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelHOPV09 - Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference : Book of Abstracts
Antal sider1
Publikationsdato2009
Sider34
StatusUdgivet - 2009
BegivenhedHybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference (HOPV09) - Benidorm, Spanien
Varighed: 10 maj 200913 maj 2009

Konference

KonferenceHybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference (HOPV09)
LandSpanien
ByBenidorm
Periode10/05/200913/05/2009

Emneord

    Citer dette

    Lund, T., Nguyen, H. T., & Phuong, N. T. (2009). Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures. I HOPV09 - Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference: Book of Abstracts (s. 34)
    Lund, Torben ; Nguyen, Hoang Thai ; Phuong, Nguyen Tuyet. / Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures. HOPV09 - Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference: Book of Abstracts. 2009. s. 34
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    Lund, T, Nguyen, HT & Phuong, NT 2009, Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures. i HOPV09 - Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference: Book of Abstracts. s. 34, Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference (HOPV09), Benidorm, Spanien, 10/05/2009.

    Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures. / Lund, Torben; Nguyen, Hoang Thai; Phuong, Nguyen Tuyet.

    HOPV09 - Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference: Book of Abstracts. 2009. s. 34.

    Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportKonferenceabstrakt i proceedingsForskning

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    N2 - Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures. Torben Lunda, Phuong Tuyet Nguyena and Hoang Thai Nguyenb aDepartment of Science, Systems and Models, Roskilde University, DK-4000, DenmarkbDepartment of Chemistry, University of Sciences, HoChiMinh City, Vietnam     The popular dye sensitized solar cell dyes N719 and Z-907 are in general accepted to be very stable under solar cell conditions below 45 ºC.1 The dyes, however, may undergo thiocyanate ligand substitution reactions with the DSC solvent and additive molecules at elevated temperatures (80-100 ºC).       Recently we have established the mechanism and kinetics of these thiocyanate exchange reactions in both homogeneous solutions and colloidal mixtures with the dyes attached to TiO2 particles.2,3 The half life’s at 85 ºC of  the N719 and Z-907 bound to TiO2 particles in colloidal solutions of 3-methoxypropionitrile and 4-tert-butylpyridine (0.5M) were 120h and 150h respectively. These results indicate that the N719 and Z-907 dyes will not be able to survive a 1000h solar cell thermal stress test 4 at 85 ºC. Strategies to reduce the dye degradation at elevated temperatures will be presented. References  1) A. Hinsch, J. M. Kroon, I. Uhlendorf, J. Holzbock, A. Meyer, J. Feber, Prog. Photovolt. Res.Appl. 2001, 9, 425.2) H.T. Nguyen, H. M. Ta, and T.  Lund,  Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 2007, 91, 1934.3) P. T. Nguyen, R.  Degn, H. T. Nguyen, and T. Lund, ,  Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 2009 in press.4) 1215, I., Crystalline Silicon Terrestrial Photo Voltaic (PV) Moduls Design. Qualification and    Type Approval. International Electrotechnical commission 1993.

    AB - Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures. Torben Lunda, Phuong Tuyet Nguyena and Hoang Thai Nguyenb aDepartment of Science, Systems and Models, Roskilde University, DK-4000, DenmarkbDepartment of Chemistry, University of Sciences, HoChiMinh City, Vietnam     The popular dye sensitized solar cell dyes N719 and Z-907 are in general accepted to be very stable under solar cell conditions below 45 ºC.1 The dyes, however, may undergo thiocyanate ligand substitution reactions with the DSC solvent and additive molecules at elevated temperatures (80-100 ºC).       Recently we have established the mechanism and kinetics of these thiocyanate exchange reactions in both homogeneous solutions and colloidal mixtures with the dyes attached to TiO2 particles.2,3 The half life’s at 85 ºC of  the N719 and Z-907 bound to TiO2 particles in colloidal solutions of 3-methoxypropionitrile and 4-tert-butylpyridine (0.5M) were 120h and 150h respectively. These results indicate that the N719 and Z-907 dyes will not be able to survive a 1000h solar cell thermal stress test 4 at 85 ºC. Strategies to reduce the dye degradation at elevated temperatures will be presented. References  1) A. Hinsch, J. M. Kroon, I. Uhlendorf, J. Holzbock, A. Meyer, J. Feber, Prog. Photovolt. Res.Appl. 2001, 9, 425.2) H.T. Nguyen, H. M. Ta, and T.  Lund,  Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 2007, 91, 1934.3) P. T. Nguyen, R.  Degn, H. T. Nguyen, and T. Lund, ,  Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 2009 in press.4) 1215, I., Crystalline Silicon Terrestrial Photo Voltaic (PV) Moduls Design. Qualification and    Type Approval. International Electrotechnical commission 1993.

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    Lund T, Nguyen HT, Phuong NT. Degradation chemistry of N719 and Z-907 dyes at elevated temperatures. I HOPV09 - Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference: Book of Abstracts. 2009. s. 34