Converging signals synergistically activate the LAMC2 promoter and lead to accumulation of the laminin γ2 chain in human colon carcinoma cells

Jørgen Olsen*, Lene T. Kirkeby, Marianne M. Brorsson, Sally Dabelsteen, Jesper T. Troelsen, Randi Bordoy, Kirsten Fenger, Lars Inge Larsson, Patricia Simon-Assmann

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


The trimeric extracellular matrix molecule laminin-5 and its constituent chains (α3, β3, γ2) are normally not detectable intracellularly in intestinal epithelial cells but the laminin γ2 chain can be detected in cancer cells at the invasive front of a subset of colon carcinomas. These cells are subjected to cytokines such as transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), produced by the tumour cells or by the surrounding stromal cells. The purpose of the present work was to investigate whether TGF-β1 and HGF, known to stimulate the LAMC2 gene encoding the laminin γ2 chain, might synergize to activate the LAMC2 promoter, and to identify the promoter elements involved. We find evidence for synergy between TGF-β and HGF with respect to laminin γ2 chain expression and promoter activation and demonstrate that this requires the 5′ activator protein-1 (AP-1) element of the promoter and an additional upstream element which is also responsive to co-expression of the Smad3 protein from the TGF-β signalling pathway. The transcripts encoding the other laminin-5 chains are not synergistically activated by HGF and TGF-β. Thus the synergistic activation of the LAMC2 gene is mediated via different cis-elements and results in an overproduction of the laminin γ2 chain relative to the other laminin-5 constituent chains. This difference may explain why laminin γ2 chains accumulate in the cells at the invasive front of colon carcinomas.
TidsskriftBiochemical Journal
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)211-221
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 1 apr. 2003
Udgivet eksterntJa


  • Cellular interaction
  • Hepatocyte growth factor
  • Laminin-5
  • Promoter regulation
  • Transforming growth factor β

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