This article discuss theoretical challenges in conceptualising the dialectical relationship between historical conditions and the situated interplay between persons in concrete everyday practice. The concept of conflict may help us moving beyond tendencies within psychology to separate history and situated practice, structure and activity, micro and macro processes – and to regard social life as unambiguous or as governed through hegemony. Research on everyday social life of schools describes societal conflicts about education and how school children deal with unequal conditions when handling the conflictuality of everyday lives. Analyses of coordination and conflicts between various parties (e.g. children, parents, teachers and psychologists) elucidate connections between intersubjective efforts to make things work in everyday practice and historical struggles related to the school as a social institution. We need concepts that enable us to understand these processes as historical and political, driven by intersubjectivity related to concrete dilemmas, connected to personal and collaborative conduct of everyday life – processes we term politics of everyday life. From a social practice perspective, we discuss how to grasp the ways in which people constitute the conditions for each other in a situated interplay in which, they deal with common problems – and through these activities also produce history.