Communities depicted by lack of opportunities for development often look to tourism initiatives as a means to combine economic growth and community building. Such activity highlights a nexus between tourism, social entrepreneurship and community development. This nexus has been investigated somewhat in tourism literature, but lacks empirical backing, as well as theoretical refinement. We argue that a collective perspective on social entrepreneurship in the tourism context is needed, and introduce a concept and framework for ‘Collective Tourism Social Entrepreneurship’ (CTSE). We investigate how CTSE principles are utilized by local communities to combat depopulation and deterioration in two Danish destinations, and find that the CTSE process can create (social) value even if the expected result is never reached.

TidsskriftAnnals of Tourism Research
Udgave nummer88
StatusUdgivet - maj 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
Data collection for this article was supported by respectively the TourismX project (tourismx.dk) funded by the European Development Fund , and the Innocoast project funded by Innovation Fund Denmark .


  • Collective tourism social entrepreneurship (CTSE)
  • Social entrepreneurship
  • Community development
  • (Social) value
  • Transformation
  • Bricolage

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