Chemometrics as a tool to analyse complex chemical mixtures: Environmental forensics and fate of oil spills. PhD thesis

Jan Henning Christensen

    Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

    Resumé

    Chemical characterisation of contaminant mixtures is important for environmental
    forensics and risk assessment. The great challenge in future research lies in develop-
    ing suitable, rapid, reliable and objective methods for analysis of the composition of
    complex chemical mixtures. This thesis describes the development of such methods
    for assessing the identity (chemical fingerprinting) and fate (e.g. biodegradation) of
    petroleum hydrocarbon mixtures. The methods comply with the general concept that
    suitable methods must be rapid and inexpensive, objective with limited human in-
    tervention and at the same time must consider a substantial fraction of compounds in
    the complex mixture. A combination of a) limited sample preparation, b) rapid
    chemical screening analysis, c) fast and semi-automatic pre-processing, d) compre-
    hensive multivariate statistical data analysis and e) objective data evaluation was
    used throughout the thesis.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Udgivelses stedKøbenhavn
    ForlagNational Environmental Research Institute
    Antal sider70
    ISBN (Trykt)87-7772-860-2
    StatusUdgivet - 2005

    Emneord

    • Oil spills
    • petroleum hydrocarbon
    • complex mixture
    • polyaromatic compounds
    • petroleum biomarkers
    • environmental forensics
    • chemical fingerprinting
    • biodegradation
    • weathering
    • correlation optimised warping
    • principal component analysis
    • parallel factor analysis
    • gas chromatography – mass spectrometry
    • fluorescence spectroscopy
    • data preprocessing

    Citer dette

    Christensen, J. H. (2005). Chemometrics as a tool to analyse complex chemical mixtures: Environmental forensics and fate of oil spills. PhD thesis. København: National Environmental Research Institute.
    Christensen, Jan Henning. / Chemometrics as a tool to analyse complex chemical mixtures : Environmental forensics and fate of oil spills. PhD thesis. København : National Environmental Research Institute, 2005. 70 s.
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    abstract = "Chemical characterisation of contaminant mixtures is important for environmentalforensics and risk assessment. The great challenge in future research lies in develop-ing suitable, rapid, reliable and objective methods for analysis of the composition ofcomplex chemical mixtures. This thesis describes the development of such methodsfor assessing the identity (chemical fingerprinting) and fate (e.g. biodegradation) ofpetroleum hydrocarbon mixtures. The methods comply with the general concept thatsuitable methods must be rapid and inexpensive, objective with limited human in-tervention and at the same time must consider a substantial fraction of compounds inthe complex mixture. A combination of a) limited sample preparation, b) rapidchemical screening analysis, c) fast and semi-automatic pre-processing, d) compre-hensive multivariate statistical data analysis and e) objective data evaluation wasused throughout the thesis.",
    keywords = "Oil spills, petroleum hydrocarbon, complex mixture, polyaromatic compounds, petroleum biomarkers, environmental forensics, chemical fingerprinting, biodegradation, weathering, correlation optimised warping, principal component analysis, parallel factor analysis, gas chromatography – mass spectrometry, fluorescence spectroscopy, data preprocessing",
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    Chemometrics as a tool to analyse complex chemical mixtures : Environmental forensics and fate of oil spills. PhD thesis. / Christensen, Jan Henning.

    København : National Environmental Research Institute, 2005. 70 s.

    Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

    TY - BOOK

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    N2 - Chemical characterisation of contaminant mixtures is important for environmentalforensics and risk assessment. The great challenge in future research lies in develop-ing suitable, rapid, reliable and objective methods for analysis of the composition ofcomplex chemical mixtures. This thesis describes the development of such methodsfor assessing the identity (chemical fingerprinting) and fate (e.g. biodegradation) ofpetroleum hydrocarbon mixtures. The methods comply with the general concept thatsuitable methods must be rapid and inexpensive, objective with limited human in-tervention and at the same time must consider a substantial fraction of compounds inthe complex mixture. A combination of a) limited sample preparation, b) rapidchemical screening analysis, c) fast and semi-automatic pre-processing, d) compre-hensive multivariate statistical data analysis and e) objective data evaluation wasused throughout the thesis.

    AB - Chemical characterisation of contaminant mixtures is important for environmentalforensics and risk assessment. The great challenge in future research lies in develop-ing suitable, rapid, reliable and objective methods for analysis of the composition ofcomplex chemical mixtures. This thesis describes the development of such methodsfor assessing the identity (chemical fingerprinting) and fate (e.g. biodegradation) ofpetroleum hydrocarbon mixtures. The methods comply with the general concept thatsuitable methods must be rapid and inexpensive, objective with limited human in-tervention and at the same time must consider a substantial fraction of compounds inthe complex mixture. A combination of a) limited sample preparation, b) rapidchemical screening analysis, c) fast and semi-automatic pre-processing, d) compre-hensive multivariate statistical data analysis and e) objective data evaluation wasused throughout the thesis.

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    KW - petroleum hydrocarbon

    KW - complex mixture

    KW - polyaromatic compounds

    KW - petroleum biomarkers

    KW - environmental forensics

    KW - chemical fingerprinting

    KW - biodegradation

    KW - weathering

    KW - correlation optimised warping

    KW - principal component analysis

    KW - parallel factor analysis

    KW - gas chromatography – mass spectrometry

    KW - fluorescence spectroscopy

    KW - data preprocessing

    M3 - Ph.D. thesis

    SN - 87-7772-860-2

    BT - Chemometrics as a tool to analyse complex chemical mixtures

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    CY - København

    ER -

    Christensen JH. Chemometrics as a tool to analyse complex chemical mixtures: Environmental forensics and fate of oil spills. PhD thesis. København: National Environmental Research Institute, 2005. 70 s.