Can training close the gender wage gap? Evidence from Vietnamese SMEs

Benedikte Bjerge, Nina Torm, Neda Trifkovic*

*Corresponding author

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Firm-provided training is generally seen as an important tool for bridging
the skills gap between the labour force and what the private sector
demands. Little is known about how successful such training can be in
closing the gender wage gap. We use a matched employer-employee
panel dataset to assess why firms train and whether formal training affects
wage outcomes in Vietnamese SMEs. Training is generally found to be
firm-sponsored and specific in nature. We find that training is associated
with higher wages for trained women as compared to both untrained
women and men. However, we do not find a statistically significant wage
difference between trained women and men. Furthermore, the wage
increase is only associated with on-the-job training. Our findings indicate
that, at least in Vietnam, firm-sponsored on-the-job training could help
increase women’s labour productivity and thus contribute to closing the
gender wage gap.
TidsskriftOxford Development Studies
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)119-132
Antal sider14
StatusUdgivet - 2021

Bibliografisk note

Important note from the Publisher regarding the attached version of the article: “This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Oxford Development Studies on 08 Feb 2021, available online:”


  • Training
  • Vietnam
  • gender
  • sme
  • wage

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