This paper focuses on the changing boundaries of welfare between EU and national levels by developing a dynamic and actor-centred approach, where different groups of actors compete to influence the social and economic dimensions of EU social policy. The success of ideas and policies around welfare-state reform changes over time in line with socio-economic conditions as well as shifting political-party governmental coalitions in the Council. We argue that in particular the economically oriented actors, including the European Central Bank, have been successful in the context of the Great Recession. More recently, social priorities around notions such as social investment are becoming more central in the EU debate on economic and social policy.
de la Porte, C., & Pochet, P. (2014). Boundaries of Welfare between the EU and Member States during the ‘Great Recession’. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 15(3), 281-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/15705854.2014.912396