Biodynamics and adverse effects of CuO nanoparticles and CuCl2 in the oligochaete T. tubifex: Cu form influence biodynamics in water, but not sediment

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Abstract

The use of copper oxide (CuO) NPs results in the release of these particles into the aquatic environment. Here, the particles settle out and accumulate in the sediment. However, little is known about the biodynamics of sediment-associated NPs in benthic organisms. We compared the toxicity and biodynamics of CuO NPs (7 nm) and dissolved Cu (CuCl2) in the sediment-dwelling oligochaete, Tubifex tubifex, to gain insights into the relative importance of metal form (CuCl2 vs CuO NPs) and exposure route (water vs sediment). Isotopically enriched 65Cu was used as a tracer to distinguish background from newly accumulated 65Cu in worms. For each exposure route, we conducted three experiments: one uptake, one elimination, and one longer-term
net accumulation experiment to parameterize uptake and elimination of 65CuCl2 and 65CuO NPs in T. tubifex. 65Cu accumulation was detected for both 65CuCl2 and 65CuO NPs regardless of whether T. tubifex were exposed in sediment- or water-only setups. Water exposures to 65CuCl2 resulted in tail trauma whereas limited effects were seen for sediment exposures or exposures
to 65CuO NPs via either exposure route. Uptake rate constants and accumulation of 65Cu in T.tubifex were higher following 65CuCl2 exposure than 65CuO NPs, in water, but not in sediment. Thus, the relative importance of exposure route and Cu form for uptake dynamics is not straightforward suggesting that findings on bioaccumulation and toxicity in water exposures cannot be directly extrapolated to sediment.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNanotoxicology
Vol/bind15
Udgave nummer5
ISSN1743-5390
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 17 jun. 2021

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