Arguments for the Normative Validity of Human Rights: Philosophical Predecessors and Contemporary Criticisms of the 1789 French Declaration of Human and Civic Rights

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Resumé

The paper highlights clashes between different conceptions of right, law and justice crystalizing in the French Declaration of Human and Civic Rights from 1789 and the criticisms it aroused. Hobbes’ Leviathan (1651) and Rousseau’s Social Contract (1762) are discussed as important predecessors. The philosophical conceptions of law, justice and right stated by Hobbes and Rousseau and in the Declaration will be discussed in connection with two seminal criticisms. By excluding women from politics, Olympe de Gouge objected, the Declaration contradicted the universal understanding of human rights. Jeremy Bentham protested against the Declaration’s core idea of inalienable human rights.
The paper highlights clashes between different conceptions of right, law and justice crystalizing in the French Declaration of Human and Civic Rights from 1789 and the criticisms it aroused. Hobbes’ Leviathan (1651) and Rousseau’s Social Contract (1762) are discussed as important predecessors. The philosophical conceptions of law, justice and right stated by Hobbes and Rousseau and in the Declaration will be discussed in connection with two seminal criticisms. By excluding women from politics, Olympe de Gouge objected, the Declaration contradicted the universal understanding of human rights. Jeremy Bentham protested against the Declaration’s core idea of inalienable human rights.
SprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNordicum-Mediterraneum
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer3
Antal sider20
ISSN1670-6242
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 2016

Emneord

  • de Gouge; Hobbes; Bentham; Rousseau; Human Rights; French Revolution

Citer dette

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