Are multi family groups appropriate for patients with first episode psychosis? A 5-year naturalistic follow-up study

Jan Ivar Røssberg, Jan Olav Johannessen, O. Klungsoyr, Stein Opjordsmoen, Julie Evensen, Anne Fjell, Ulrik Haahr, Inge Joa, Hans Langeveld, Tor Ketil Larsen, Ingrid Melle, Bjørn Rishovd Rund, Erik Simonsen, Wenche ten Velden, Per Vaglum, Thomas H. McGlashan

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    Objective:  To compare outcome over 5 years for patients who participated in multi family groups (MFGs) to those who refused or were not offered participation.

    Method:  Of 301 first episode psychotic patients aged 15–65 years, 147 participated in MFGs. Outcome was measured by drop-out rates, positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) symptom scores, and duration of psychotic episodes during the follow-up period.

    Results:  Multi family group participants had a significantly lower drop-out rates at 5-year follow-up than patients who did not participate. However, the MFG participants had significantly less improvement in PANSS positive and excitative symptoms and had significantly longer duration of psychotic symptoms during the follow-up period.

    Conclusion:  Multi family groups appear to increase the chance of retaining patients in a follow-up study, but adjustment of the programme may be necessary with first episode psychosis patients to meet their needs better.

    TidsskriftActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
    Udgave nummer5
    Sider (fra-til)384-394
    Antal sider10
    StatusUdgivet - nov. 2010

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