## Abstract

With only Apuleius and Augustine as partial

exceptions, Latin Antiquity did not know

Archimedes as a mathematician but only as

an ingenious engineer and astronomer, serving

his city and killed by fatal distraction when in

the end it was taken by ruse. The Latin Middle

Ages forgot even much of that, and when

Archimedean mathematics was translated in

the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, almost no

integration with the traditional image of the

person took place.

With the exception of Petrarca, who knew

the civically useful engineer and the astrologer,

fourteenth-century Humanists show no interest

in Archimedes. In the fifteenth century, “higher

artisans” with Humanist connections or education

took interest in Archimedes the technician

and started identifying with him. In midcentury,

a new translation of most works from

the Greek was made by Jacopo Cremonensis,

and Regiomontanus and a few other mathematicians

began resurrecting the image of the

geometer, yet without emulating him.

Giorgio Valla’s posthumous De expetendis

et fugiendis rebus from 1501 marks a

watershed. Valla drew knowledge of the person

as well as his works from Proclus and Pappus,

thus integrating the two. Over the century, a

number of editions also appeared, the Editio

princeps in 1544, and a mathematical work

following the footsteps of Archimedes was

made by Maurolico, Commandino, and others.

The Northern Renaissance only discovered

Archimedes in the 1530s and for long only

superficially. The first to express a (purely

ideological) high appreciation is Ramus in

1569, and the first to make creative use of his

mathematics was Viète in the 1590s.

exceptions, Latin Antiquity did not know

Archimedes as a mathematician but only as

an ingenious engineer and astronomer, serving

his city and killed by fatal distraction when in

the end it was taken by ruse. The Latin Middle

Ages forgot even much of that, and when

Archimedean mathematics was translated in

the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, almost no

integration with the traditional image of the

person took place.

With the exception of Petrarca, who knew

the civically useful engineer and the astrologer,

fourteenth-century Humanists show no interest

in Archimedes. In the fifteenth century, “higher

artisans” with Humanist connections or education

took interest in Archimedes the technician

and started identifying with him. In midcentury,

a new translation of most works from

the Greek was made by Jacopo Cremonensis,

and Regiomontanus and a few other mathematicians

began resurrecting the image of the

geometer, yet without emulating him.

Giorgio Valla’s posthumous De expetendis

et fugiendis rebus from 1501 marks a

watershed. Valla drew knowledge of the person

as well as his works from Proclus and Pappus,

thus integrating the two. Over the century, a

number of editions also appeared, the Editio

princeps in 1544, and a mathematical work

following the footsteps of Archimedes was

made by Maurolico, Commandino, and others.

The Northern Renaissance only discovered

Archimedes in the 1530s and for long only

superficially. The first to express a (purely

ideological) high appreciation is Ramus in

1569, and the first to make creative use of his

mathematics was Viète in the 1590s.

Originalsprog | Engelsk |
---|---|

Titel | Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy |

Redaktører | Marco Sgarbi |

Antal sider | 7 |

Udgivelses sted | Cham |

Forlag | Springer |

Publikationsdato | 2019 |

ISBN (Elektronisk) | 978-3-319-02848-4 |

DOI | |

Status | Udgivet - 2019 |