Algebra in Cuneiform: Introduction to an Old Babylonian Geometrical Technique

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportBogFormidling

Abstract

This textbook analyzes a number of texts in “conformal translation,” that is, a translation in which the same Babylonian term is always translated in the same way and, more importantly, in which different terms are always translated differently. Appendixes are provided for readers who are familiar with basic Assyriology but otherwise philological details are avoided. All of these texts are from the second half of the Old Babylonian period, that is, 1800–1600 BCE. It is indeed during this period that the “algebraic” discipline, and Babylonian mathematics in general, culminates. Even though a few texts from the late period show some similarities with what comes from the Old Babylonian period, they are but remnants. Beyond analyzing texts, the book gives a general characterization of the kind of mathematics involved, and locates it within the context of the Old Babylonian scribe school and its particular culture. Finally, it describes the origin of the discipline and its impact in later mathematics, not least Euclid’s geometry and genuine algebra as created in medieval Islam and taken over in European medieval and Renaissance mathematics.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Udgivelses stedBerlin
ForlagEdition Open Access
Antal sider167
ISBN (Trykt)978-3-945561-15-7
StatusUdgivet - 2017
NavnMax Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge Textbooks. Textbooks
Vol/bind2

Citer dette

Høyrup, J. (2017). Algebra in Cuneiform: Introduction to an Old Babylonian Geometrical Technique. Edition Open Access. Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge Textbooks. Textbooks, Bind. 2 http://edition-open-access.de/media/textbooks/2/textbooks2.pdf