Active-parameter polydispersity in the 2d ABP Yukawa model

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Abstract

In experiments and simulations of passive as well as active matter the most commonly studied kind of parameter polydispersity is that of varying particles size. This paper investigates by simulations the effects of introducing polydispersity in other parameters for two-dimensional active Brownian particles with Yukawa pair interactions. Polydispersity is studied separately in the translational and rotational diffusion coefficients, as well as in the swim velocity v 0. Uniform and binary parameter distributions are considered in the homogeneous and the motility-induced phase-separation (MIPS) phases. We find only minute changes in structure and dynamics upon the introduction of parameter polydispersity, even for situations involving 50% polydispersity. The reason for this is not clear. An exception is the case of v 0 polydispersity for which the average radial distribution function with changing polydispersity shows significant variations in the MIPS phase. Even in this case, however, the dynamics is only modestly affected. As a possible application of our findings, we suggest that a temporary introduction of polydispersity into a single-component active-matter model characterized by a very long equilibration time, i.e. a glass-forming active system, may be used to equilibrate the system efficiently by particle swaps.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer145101
TidsskriftJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Vol/bind36
Udgave nummer14
Antal sider9
ISSN0953-8984
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 4 jan. 2024

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the VILLUM Foundation’s Matter Grant (VIL16515).

Emneord

  • active Brownian particles
  • parameter polydispersity
  • structure and dynamics of active matter

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