Accumulation and effects of sediment-associated silver nanoparticles to sediment-dwelling invertebrates

Tina Ramskov, Valery E Forbes, Douglas Gilliland, Henriette Selck

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Sediment is increasingly recognized as the major sink for contaminants including nanoparticles (NPs). Thus, sediment-living organisms are especially susceptible to NP exposure. Studies of the fate and effects ofNPsin the sediment matrix are still in their infancy, and data from such studies are in high demand. Here, weexamine the effects of exposure to sediment mixed with either aqueous Ag (administered asAgNO3) or Ag NPs (13 nm, citrate-capped) at a nominal exposure concentration of 100g Ag/g dry weight sediment on four benthic invertebrates: two clones of the gastropod Potamopyrgus antipodarum (clones A and B) and two polychaete species (Capitella teleta, Capitella sp. S). Our results show that both species sensitivity and Ag form (aqueous Ag, Ag NPs) play a role in bioaccumulation and effects. Following two weeks of exposure, both clones of P. antipodarum were found to be insensitive towards both Ag forms (generally
low Ag accumulation, no toxicity). In contrast, the two Capitella species varied widely with respect to Ag uptake and observed toxicity. Capitella sp. S was adversely affected by both aqueous Ag (mortality) and Ag NPs (growth), whereas C. teleta was not affected by either Ag form. For neither polychaete species
was the observed toxicity directly related to bioaccumulation. Therefore, future nano-ecotoxicological research should focus on understanding differences in uptake and handling mechanisms among species and the relationship between bioaccumulation and toxicity.
TidsskriftAquatic Toxicology
Sider (fra-til)96-105
StatusUdgivet - 2015

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