A trade-off between conservation, development, and tourism in the vicinity of the Andasibe-Mantadia national park, Madagascar

Thorkil Casse*, Manitra Harison Razafintsalama, Anders Milhøj

*Corresponding author

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


We investigated whether there is a trade-off between conservation and development in the vicinity of Madagascar’s largest national park (Andasibe-Mantadia). The debate on this topic in Madagascar and other countries has focused on polarized questions protecting nature and forest resources or facilitating people’s rights to exploit forest resources. The prevailing view is that both objectives cannot be achieved simultaneously and that a trade-off is inevitable. The key criterion used to select the four sites for this study was the distance from the entrance to the national park. Our survey data findings indicated that there was no correlation between restrictions on forest use and income or well-being. The villagers enjoy both direct and indirect benefits from the national park, namely the provision of jobs, electricity, water offered by the national park or by private tour operators. The national park and luxury hotels have replaced the state as service providers.
TidsskriftSN Social Sciences
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)1-28
Antal sider28
StatusUdgivet - 19 jan. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Important note from the publisher regarding the attached version of the article: This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43545-021-00309-0


  • Madagascar
  • Conservation
  • Development
  • livelihoods
  • tourism income
  • public services

Citer dette