The Opening of Dialogue and Meaning

a Pragmatic Perspective on Intersubjective Rationality in the Potential Initial Prodromal Stage and Early Stages of Schizophrenia

Bidragets oversatte titel: Åbning af dialog og mening: et pragmatisk perspektiv på intersubjektiv rationalitet i det potentielle initiale prodrom og tidlige skizofrene faser.

Charlotte Petersen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Abstract
A propensity to refer to facts in a fictional context (for example, with a first-person reference: “I think they are getting ready to sleep”) was found among patients in early stages of schizophrenia. Facts in fiction are, however, not immediately relevant since the narrator is usually transparent and the story “tells itself” (e.g., “they are getting ready to sleep”). A control group’s narratives were conventional in this sense. The aim here is to discuss the patient’s references to facts from a pragmatic perspective; as verbal activity types related to the conversational maxims, and especially as related to the discursive problematization of the usually presupposed basic validity conditions of speech. This method of using activity types as a perspective limits the extremely broad concept of “context” which might otherwise have introduced an abundance of inseparable, extrinsic, and always potential aspects of contextual influence. It is concluded that the patients occasionally hyper-comply with the conversational maxims, and recurrently problematize the validity conditions. Basically, the patients’ references to facts open the dialog with the researcher or open the interpretive meaning of the story, and, to a minor degree, the patients sometimes “close” the interpretive meaning by adding supportive argumentative evidence.

Keywords: Prodromal schizophrenia, first-admission schizophrenia, discourse analysis, conversational maxims, narratives, contextual inappropriateness, first episode psychosis
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Linguistica Hafniensia: International Journal of Linguistics
Vol/bind48
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)171-194
Antal sider23
ISSN0374-0463
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 8 nov. 2016

Citer dette

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abstract = "A propensity to refer to facts in a fictional context (for example, with a first-person reference: “I think they are getting ready to sleep”) was found among patients in early stages of schizophrenia. Facts in fiction are, however, not immediately relevant since the narrator is usually transparent and the story “tells itself” (e.g., “they are getting ready to sleep”). A control group’s narratives were conventional in this sense. The aim here is to discuss the patient’s references to facts from a pragmatic perspective; as verbal activity types related to the conversational maxims, and especially as related to the discursive problematization of the usually presupposed basic validity conditions of speech. This method of using activity types as a perspective limits the extremely broad concept of “context” which might otherwise have introduced an abundance of inseparable, extrinsic, and always potential aspects of contextual influence. It is concluded that the patients occasionally hyper-comply with the conversational maxims, and recurrently problematize the validity conditions. Basically, the patients’ references to facts open the dialog with the researcher or open the interpretive meaning of the story, and, to a minor degree, the patients sometimes “close” the interpretive meaning by adding supportive argumentative evidence.",
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