The emergence of the environmental state under authoritarianism (China, Vietnam and beyond)

Projekter: ProjektForskning



As a starting point we contend that environmental states are not the exclusive preserve of democracies. In the two countries under focus, China and Vietnam, citizens’ growing expectations have contributed to institutions and discourses of environmental protection becoming more deeply anchored in the state, yet without fundamentally changing the political system. This research will focus on new forms of the environmental state under authoritarianism and examine the resulting governance models, including their regulatory capabilities, policy frameworks, political processes connecting central and local levels, tools of implementation, participatory mechanisms, and new emerging ‘state-society’ relations.

As a key empirical focus, the research will examine how the emerging environmental state performs in addressing one of the most pressing issues of our time: the dual crisis of economic inequality and ecological unsustainability. Rural populations have articulate demands of relief from poverty and of catching up. At the same time, environments and renewable resources are overburdened, species become extinct at alarming rates, and the global climate is developing erratic patterns. The dual crisis is nowhere more acute than in fringe areas to national parks and protected areas, which play increasingly important roles for water conservancy, reforestation, species protection and tourism development.
Effektiv start/slut dato01/01/2019 → …


  • Danmarks Frie Forskningsfond: 497.000,00 €