This article presents a theoretical framework for the empirical study of social movements as agents and arenas in the transnational transformation of public spheres. It draws on the existing literature on transnationalisation of public spheres, which predominantly focuses on the broadcast media as carriers of the public sphere, to conceptualise transnational public spheres, mechanisms of public sphere transformation and to identify indicators for measuring the degree of that transformation. It then turns to argue that conceptualization of transnational public spaces as complex, multilayered and overlapping, permits analysis of social movements as agents of public sphere transformation as the form of actors or arenas, either within transnational spaces or through more routine forms of contestation within the nation-state. I then adapt indicators developed to measure the degree of transnationalisation of public spheres and illustrate their applicability for the study of social movements using contemporary examples of movement practices and discourses.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Civil Society
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)231-246
Number of pages16
StatePublished - Sep 2017


  • Public spheres, Political communication, Social movements, Transnationalism, European Union

ID: 59570701